Faculty of Physics
M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University
Regular Article

Modeling HF ray trajectories and vertical and oblique ionograms in artificially disturbed ionosphere based on radiotomographic data.

A. M. Padokhin, E. S. Andreeva, M. O. Nazarenko, M. A. Annenkov, N. A. Tereshin

Moscow University Physics Bulletin 2019. N 3.

  • Article

The paper presents the results of numerical simulation of the propagation of HF radio waves in an artificially disturbed ionosphere during a Cyclone-3 vehicle launch from the Plesetsk cosmodrome on December 18, 1991 and a powerful industrial explosion with a magnitude of M = 2.4 on the Kola Peninsula on April 8, 1990. A specially developed set of Python scripts allows three-dimensional modeling of ray trajectories in the geometric optics approximation by solving a bicharacteristic system for eikonal equation. The developed programs use geomagnetic field from the IGRF model, and the ionospheric electron density distribution according to radio tomography data. Ionogram modeling is performed using three-dimensional homing method based on the Nelder-Mead simplex minimization. It is shown that artificial ionospheric irregularities during the periods of the studied events are quasi-wave perturbations that have a significant effect on the ray paths of the HF of radio waves and ionograms of vertical and oblique sounding. This manifests itself in the form of characteristic features of ray paths with multiple reflections from local maxima of the electron density and additional traces on ionograms caused by the passage of traveling ionospheric disturbances.

Received: 2018 December 23
Approved: 2019 August 26
94.20.Bb Wave propagation
Rissian citation:
А. М. Падохин, Е. С. Андреева, М. О. Назаренко, М. А. Анненков, Н. А. Терешин.
Моделирование лучевых траекторий КВ-радиоволн и ионограмм вертикального и наклонного зондирования в искусственно возмущенной ионосфере на основе данных радиотомографии.
Вестн. Моск. ун-та. Сер. 3. Физ. Астрон. 2019. № 3. С. 57.
A. M. Padokhin, E. S. Andreeva, M. O. Nazarenko, M. A. Annenkov, N. A. Tereshin
$^1$1Department of Physics of atmosphere, Faculty of physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University
Issue 3, 2019

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