The review presents the results of the fundamental research cycle, carried out at the Faculty of Physics of the Moscow State University, a new type of surface microwave discharge. The discharge was created by a surface wave on a dielectric antenna when a powerful electromagnetic radiation of a centimeter wavelength range was brought to it. The basic properties of the microwave discharge and the spatial and temporal evolution of the parameters of the plasma produced by a surface discharge are studied in a wide range of changes in the external conditions.
52.70.-m Plasma diagnostic techniques and instrumentation
52.80.-s Electric discharges
$^1$Faculty of Physics, Moscow State University. M.V. Lomonosov Moscow