Ionizing radiation is widely used in medicine today. Sources of ionizing radiation include X-ray tubes, natural and artificial isotopes, and accelerators [1, 2]. This review describes the role of accelerator technology and nuclear physics methods in cancer treatment. It presents an analysis of the data that have been published in scientific articles and reports, materials of the IAEA, and other places over the course of the past 5 decades.
80.00.00 INTERDISCIPLINARY PHYSICS AND RELATED AREAS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
$^1$Department of Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991 Russia
$^2$Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991 Russia
$^3$Herzen Moscow Oncology Research Institute, Moscow, 125284 Russia