# Issue 2, 2020

## Theoretical cross-section calculations for the (a,n) and (a,2n) reactions on $^{46}$Ti, $^{50}$Cr, $^{54}$Fe and $^{93}$Nb structural fusion materials

## Theoretical cross-section calculations for the (a,n) and (a,2n) reactions on $^{46}$Ti, $^{50}$Cr, $^{54}$Fe and $^{93}$Nb structural fusion materials

### M. Şekerci$^1$

The employment of the fusion mechanism for the energy production is a promising solution to the continuously growing global energy demand. The correct material selection for this cutting edge technology is just as important as the efforts to understand the related nuclear reaction mechanisms. A value which is relevant to nuclear reactions and is of considerable importance is the cross-section of the reaction. Among many parameters, which affect the theoretical calculations of this quantity, level density models and alpha optical model potentials have play an important role, due to their direct effects on the calculations. By considering the importance of the structural fusion materials and the aforementioned parameters, the aim of this work is to study about the effects of level density models, alpha optical model potentials and their combinational usage in the cross--section theoretical calculations on the alpha particle induced reactions for $^{46}$Ti, $^{50}$Cr, $^{54}$Fe and $^{93}$Nb structural fusion materials. The examined reaction routes are limited to the alpha particle induced single and double neutron emitting reactions. All calculations were performed by using the 1.9 version of the TALYS code, in which six level density models and eight alpha optical model potentials are available. The results of the present work are compared with the existing literature data, taken from the Experimental Nuclear Reaction Database (EXFOR) library, by performing a mean weighted deviation analysis calculation. The more consistent results in comparison with the experimental data were obtained with the combinational use of the models.

Show Abstract## Gauge Fields in the Theory of Condensed Matter and Helicity Conservation

## Gauge Fields in the Theory of Condensed Matter and Helicity Conservation

### M. I. Trukhanova

A model of the quantum hydrodynamics of a charged particle in an external electromagnetic field is considered with account for the spin–orbit interaction and the influence of the Zeeman energy. The model is based on the formalism of introducing non-Abelian Yang—Mills gauge fields. It is shown that non-Abelian gauge fields generate forces, that act on the spin and spin current. It is demonstrated that the helicity of a particle moving on the background of such fields, that create forces that depend on the spin of the particle, is not conserved. A twofluid model of quantum hydrodynamics is developed for systems of electrons in spin-up and spin-down states moving against the background of the magnetic structure of a skyrmion with a nontrivial topology. A system of continuity equations, momentum balance, and evolution equations of spin density is constructed, and the helicity conservation for electron fluxes is proved in the framework of the proposed two-fluid model.

Show Abstract## Spiral Structure of Galaxies in Gauge Gravitation Theory

## Spiral Structure of Galaxies in Gauge Gravitation Theory

### E. P. Kubarko$^1$, P. I. Pronin$^1$

The motion of stars in galactic disks is considered in the epicyclic approximation in a potential derived from gauge gravitation theory. It is assumed that the instability of circular orbits of stars with respect to small perturbations in such a potential can lead to the formation of spiral arms. We find the values of the unknown coefficients from the lagrangian of gauge gravitation theory such that they allow such an instability to occur.

Show Abstract## The Existence and Stability of Periodic Solutions with a Boundary Layer in a Two-Dimensional Reaction-Diffusion Problem in the Case of Singularly Perturbed Boundary Conditions of the Second Kind

## The Existence and Stability of Periodic Solutions with a Boundary Layer in a Two-Dimensional Reaction-Diffusion Problem in the Case of Singularly Perturbed Boundary Conditions of the Second Kind

### N. N. Nefedov$^1$, E. I. Nikulin$^2$

The existence of time-periodic solutions of the boundary-layer type to a two-dimensional reaction—diffusion problem with a small-parameter coefficient of a parabolic operator is proved in the case of singularly perturbed boundary conditions of the second kind. An asymptotic approximation with respect to the small parameter is constructed for these solutions. The set of boundary conditions for which these solutions exist is studied and the local uniqueness and asymptotic Lyapunov stability are established for them. It is shown that, unlike the analogous Dirichlet problem, for which such a solution is unique, there can be several solutions of this kind for the problem under consideration, each of which has its domains of stability and local uniqueness. To prove these facts, results based on the asymptotic principle of differential inequalities are used.

Show Abstract## Recrystallization of the Structure of Silicon Carbide under Ion Irradiation

## Recrystallization of the Structure of Silicon Carbide under Ion Irradiation

### A. A. Shemukhin$^{1,3,4}$, A. M. Smirnov$^2$, A. P. Evseev$^{1,4}$, E. V. Anreevna$^4$, A. V. Kozemyako$^1$, D. K. Minnebaev$^1$, Yu. V. Balakshin$^{3,4}$, A. V. Nazarov$^4$, V. S. Chernysh$^{1,4}$

Silicon carbide was irradiated with aluminum ions at an energy of 190 keV with fluences of 2*10$^{13}$ - 5*10$^{14}$ ion/cm$^2$. The temperature of the target during irradiation was 300–500Ñ or it was kept at room temperature. It is shown that the presence of nitrogen in the structure of silicon carbide erodes the edge of the interband absorption. After irradiation at room temperature, the structure is disordered to form Si—Si and C—C compounds, as well as 3C—SiC. According to the absorption spectra, when the target temperature is increased during irradiation to $^{\circ}$C, the structure of silicon carbide recrystallizes up to the initial state.

Show Abstract## Quantification of Chlorosomal Bacteriochlorophylls Using Absorption Spectra of Green Sulfur Bacteria in Natural Water

## Quantification of Chlorosomal Bacteriochlorophylls Using Absorption Spectra of Green Sulfur Bacteria in Natural Water

### P. S. Emeliantsev$^1$, A. A. Zhiltsova$^1$, E. D. Krasnova$^2$, D. A. Voronov$^{3,4}$, V. V. Rymar$^1$, S. V. Patsaeva$^1$

A non-extraction method for determining the concentration of chlorosomal bacteriochlorophylls (Bchl), photosynthetic pigments of green sulfur bacteria has been developed and tested. The method is based on the measurement of optical density spectra of microorganisms directly in natural water and is aimed at simplifying Bchl concentration measurements, reducing the measurement time and eliminating toxic solvents from the experiments. Comparison of the results of Bchl concentration determination by the traditional method based on the measurement of absorption spectra of pigment extracts and the new method that is based on the measurement of long wavelength absorption band of Bchl in bacterial cells in natural water showed a high correlation coefficient from 0.9866 to 0.9991 for different series of samples. The depth distribution profiles of Bchl concentration obtained from the absorption spectra of natural water in some meromictic reservoirs of the White Sea region in September 2019 and Lake Mogilnoye (Barents Sea) in June 2019 are presented.

Show Abstract## Analysis of the Visualization Region in Near-Wall Fluid Layer by High-Speed Infrared Thermography

## Analysis of the Visualization Region in Near-Wall Fluid Layer by High-Speed Infrared Thermography

### A. M. Shagiyanova, E. Yu. Koroteeva, I. A. Znamenskaya, M. E. Dashyan, L. A. Blagonravov, N. N. Sysoev

The capabilities of infrared thermal imaging at a rate of over 100 Hz to measure thermal fields of nonisothermal boundary liquid layer through an infrared-transparent window are analyzed. Experiments have been carried out to conduct an integrated estimate of the recorded water layer thickness for various conditions; it was shown that the penetration depth of infrared radiation in the operating range of the thermal imager (3.7–4.8 m) does not exceed 0.2 mm

Show Abstract## The Time Characteristics and Phosphorescence Spectra of Cooled Carbon-Containing Analogues of the Shpolsky Matrix

## The Time Characteristics and Phosphorescence Spectra of Cooled Carbon-Containing Analogues of the Shpolsky Matrix

### Yu. K. Aljoshin, D. Yu. Tsipenyuk, A. V. Voropinov

This paper presents the results of studies of the time and spectral characteristics of phosphorescence in organic compounds cooled to cryogenic temperatures. The data obtained after the analysis make it possible to propose a physical mechanism of excitation of long-term phosphorescence and assess the prospects for creating new active laser media (based on an analog of the Shpolsky matrix).

Show Abstract## Unusual Dielectric Properties of Electrochromic Polydipyridinium Triflate Composites with Carbon Nanotubes

## Unusual Dielectric Properties of Electrochromic Polydipyridinium Triflate Composites with Carbon Nanotubes

### I. A. Malyshkina$^1$, E. E. Makhaeva$^1$, R. D. Pichugov$^1$

The dielectric properties of electrochromic composite material based on poly[4,40-(1,4-phenylene)bis(2,6- diphenylpyridinium)triflate] (PV) and multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) have been studied. Negative permittivity was registered at low frequencies of the alternating electric field (10$^{-1}$ – 10$^3$) Hz in the PV/MWCNT nanocomposites of different composition. The frequency of transition from negative to positive permittivity, as well as the values of conductivity, increased in the case of application of direct-current (dc) voltage. The physical mechanism responsible for the unusual properties appears to be related to the delocalized charges located at the multiple insulator–conductor interfaces.

Show Abstract## New Method for Calculating Pairwise Effective Potential in Binary Solid Solutions

## New Method for Calculating Pairwise Effective Potential in Binary Solid Solutions

### V. M. Silonov$^1$, L. -. Enkhtor$^2$

A new method for calculating the pairwise effective potential on arbitrary shells of the binary disordered solid solutions is proposed with account for the linear size effect. The method is based on the fitting of the order–disorder temperature calculated by the model potential method to its known experimental value. In disordered Cu3Au alloy, the pairwise effective potential is calculated and the short-range order parameters on the first fourteen shell are estimated using the Krivoglaz—Clapp—Mossmethod. A satisfactory coincidence with the experimental data is obtained.

Show Abstract## The Program for Calculating the Doppler Effect in the Spectra of Cosmic Radio Sources: «Dopplex»

## The Program for Calculating the Doppler Effect in the Spectra of Cosmic Radio Sources: «Dopplex»

### P. R. Zapevalin, T. A. Syachina, A. R. Shaykhutdinov, V. I. Kostenko

In this work, we discuss the theoretical background for calculating the Doppler effect for distant cosmic radio sources. For this approach, we developed a user-friendly efficient software based on the IAU SOFA astrometric library. Comparison with other software and services confirms its acceptable accuracy.

Show Abstract## The Development of a Physico-Mathematical Model for the Functioning of an Underwater Waterjet Cutting Machine

## The Development of a Physico-Mathematical Model for the Functioning of an Underwater Waterjet Cutting Machine

### A. A. Ilukhina$^1$, V. I. Kolpakov$^1$, V. V. Veltishev$^1$, A. L. Galinovsky$^1$, A. V. Khakhalin$^2$

A single-phase physico-mathematical model of a high-speed waterjet forming process that uses the underwater abrasive waterjet cutting technology while an abrasive-liquid flow under a pressure ranging from 60 to 80 MPa passes through the jet-forming path of a mobile abrasive waterjet machine has been developed. The results of a numerical experiment are presented. It has been shown that the main structural parameters of the internal profile of the jet-forming element (the profile of the focusing cavity, diameter and length of the output-channel) in fluence the geometric and kinematic parameters of the formed jet and the consumption of the hydro-abrasive suspension.

Show Abstract## Reducing the Level of Stray Exposure of an Optical Fiber in a Single-Pass Quantum Cryptography System

## Reducing the Level of Stray Exposure of an Optical Fiber in a Single-Pass Quantum Cryptography System

### K. A. Balygin$^{2,3}$, V. I. Zaitsev$^3$, A. I. Klimov$^3$, A. N. Klimov$^3$, S. P. Kulik$^3$, S. N. Molotkov$^3$

A method for triggering a laser synchro-signal diode in a single-pass quantum cryptographic system is proposed. The method allows reducing the level of stray in fluence in an optical fiber from scattered laser radiation by ~ 2 orders of magnitude and increasing the length of a single-fiber communication line when generating a secret key to 95 km.

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